Åland’s legal right of access to private land is not the same as its equivalent in Sweden and Finland.
You have the right to move around freely on foot, on a bicycle or in a kayak, but must avoid private plots of land and piers, and also cultivated land. Always close gates after you.
If you are staying overnight, we recommend campsites, holiday villages and guest harbours. You may sit down and have a rest.
If it is not possible for you to ask the owner of the land for permission, you may pitch an individual tent for one night provided you do so without invading the privacy of the owner’s home. This means pitching your tent at a reasonable distance from any buildings and having consideration for the place in general.
It is forbidden to damage the countryside, disturb those who own or occupy the land or to make excessive noise. Similar conventions apply to staying overnight in a boat.
Do not leave any rubbish behind in the countryside – take it to the nearest waste disposal site. If you are staying at one of our tourist facilities with a recycling centre, we would be grateful if you would sort your rubbish.
You may pick berries and mushrooms for your own consumption, but not protected species of plants such as orchids.
The legal right of access to private land does not include baitcasting. You must buy a fishing licence for the waters where you want to fish. Fishing licences are available for sale in shops, from holiday village hosts and on the Internet. Between 15 April and 15 June it is forbidden to fish from the beach with a casting rod or with a trolling spoon. The prohibition is intended to protect breeding seabirds.
According to the law you may not make an open fire on land without the permission of the owner of the land. Fire can destroy flat pieces of rock forever. In case of fire, ring the emergency number 112.
To scuba dive you must have permission from the Åland Provincial Government.
Åland’s 53 nature reserves are protected and people’s legal right of access to private land is partially restricted. In most areas camping is forbidden, as is the picking of flowers. On certain islets and islands where there are birds that are susceptible to disturbance during the breeding season, there is a ban on going ashore there at certain times of the year.
The Environment Agency’s website (www.regeringen.ax/socialomiljo/miljo/naturvard.pbs) provides up-to-date information on nature conservation and the nature reserves in Åland, including the rules operated by each reserve and a list of areas where it is not permitted to go ashore.
Thank you in advance!